Must Know, Science Gist, Science thrills

REASONS WHY ALBERT EINSTEIN WAS A GENIUS

Albert Einstein was one of the most brilliant scientist of all time, no doubt. But they are something “natural endowments” which I like to call it, that aided is genius.

In this post, I would give you 8 reasons why the pioneer of relativity- Albert Einstein was a natural genius:

Enjoy!!!!!!

https://physicio.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/83cbb-smarteinstein.jpg

1. He learned about what he wanted to learn and not what other authority’s like school wanted him to learn.

2. The parietal operculum region of his brain was missing. This let other parts of his brain like the parietal lobe grow larger.

3. Parts of his Sylvian fissure in his brain  were no where to be found. This could of enabled the neurons in that part of the brain to work better.

4. Einstein thought visually. Instead of thinking about information and words; he thought by visually imagining things.

5. His inferior parietal lobe was 15 percent wider than normal. This region of the brain is connected to mathematics.

6. He had more glial cells in his brain. Glial cells support nutrition in the brain and help with synthesizing information faster. That could be why he could think so powerfully.

7. He started building models and reading books about science, math, and philosophy at a young age.

8. He devoted much of his time to learning and thinking about new things.

Please do comments and state more reasons you know that made Albert Einstein a genius.

 

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NASA Launches Satellite to Study How Sun’s Atmosphere Is Energized

NASA’s Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spacecraft launched Thursday at 7:27 p.m. PDT (10:27 p.m. EDT) from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. The mission to study the solar atmosphere was placed in orbit by an Orbital Sciences Corporation Pegasus XL rocket.

“We are thrilled to add IRIS to the suite of NASA missions studying the sun,” said John Grunsfeld, NASA’s associate administrator for science in Washington. “IRIS will help scientists understand the mysterious and energetic interface between the surface and corona of the sun.”

IRIS is a NASA Explorer Mission to observe how solar material moves, gathers energy and heats up as it travels through a little-understood region in the sun’s lower atmosphere. This interface region between the sun’s photosphere and corona powers its dynamic million-degree atmosphere and drives the solar wind. The interface region also is where most of the sun’s ultraviolet emission is generated. These emissions impact the near-Earth space environment and Earth’s climate.

The Pegasus XL carrying IRIS was deployed from an Orbital L-1011 carrier aircraft over the Pacific Ocean at an altitude of 39,000 feet, off the central coast of California about 100 miles northwest of Vandenberg. The rocket placed IRIS into a sun-synchronous polar orbit that will allow it to make almost continuous solar observations during its two-year mission.

The L-1011 took off from Vandenberg at 6:30 p.m. PDT and flew to the drop point over the Pacific Ocean, where the aircraft released the Pegasus XL from beneath its belly. The first stage ignited five seconds later to carry IRIS into space. IRIS successfully separated from the third stage of the Pegasus rocket at 7:40 p.m. At 8:05 p.m., the IRIS team confirmed the spacecraft had successfully deployed its solar arrays, has power and has acquired the sun, indications that all systems are operating as expected.

“Congratulations to the entire team on the successful development and deployment of the IRIS mission,” said IRIS project manager Gary Kushner of the Lockheed Martin Solar and Atmospheric Laboratory in Palo Alto, Calif. “Now that IRIS is in orbit, we can begin our 30-day engineering checkout followed by a 30-day science checkout and calibration period.”

IRIS is expected to start science observations upon completion of its 60-day commissioning phase. During this phase the team will check image quality and perform calibrations and other tests to ensure a successful mission.

NASA’s Explorer Program at Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., provides overall management of the IRIS mission. The principal investigator institution is Lockheed Martin Space Systems Advanced Technology Center. NASA’s Ames Research Center will perform ground commanding and flight operations and receive science data and spacecraft telemetry.

The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory designed the IRIS telescope. The Norwegian Space Centre and NASA’s Near Earth Network provide the ground stations using antennas at Svalbard, Norway; Fairbanks, Alaska; McMurdo, Antarctica; and Wallops Island, Va. NASA’s Launch Services Program at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida is responsible for the launch service procurement, including managing the launch and countdown. Orbital Sciences Corporation provided the L-1011 aircraft and Pegasus XL launch system.

For more information about the IRIS mission, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/iris

 

 

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Japan OKs world’s first iPS stemcell clinical trial Read more: Japan OKs world’s first iPS stemcell clinical trial – Latest – New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/latest/japan-oks-world-s-first-ips-stemcell-clinical-trial

English: A diagram illustrating the disctincti...

English: A diagram illustrating the disctinction between cancer stem cell targeted (above) and conventional (below) cancer therapies (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Stem Cell Therapy (dog) - Thérapie par transpl...

Stem Cell Therapy (dog) – Thérapie par transplantation (chien) (Photo credit: http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca)

 

AMD

AMD (Photo credit: Majiscup – The Papercup & Sleeve)

 

English: Fat Stem Cells

English: Fat Stem Cells (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Stem cell division and differentiation

Stem cell division and differentiation (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Diseases and conditions where stem cell treatm...

Diseases and conditions where stem cell treatment is promising or emerging. (See Wikipedia:Stem cell#Treatments). Bone marrow transplantation is, as of 2009, the only established use of stem cells. Model: Mikael Häggström. To discuss image, please see Template talk:Häggström diagrams (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Stem Cell Week 2012

Stem Cell Week 2012 (Photo credit: UC Irvine)

 

Diagram of stem cell division and differentiat...

Diagram of stem cell division and differentiation. A – stem cell; B – progenitor cell; C – differentiated cell; 1 – symmetric stem cell division; 2 – asymmetric stem cell division; 3 – progenitor division; 4 – terminal differentiation (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

English: Embryonic Stem Cells. (A) shows hESCs...

English: Embryonic Stem Cells. (A) shows hESCs. (B) shows neurons derived from hESCs. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

The same view with age-related macular degener...

The same view with age-related macular degeneration (B&W). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Image representing AMD as depicted in CrunchBase

Image via CrunchBase

 

clinical trials forum university of maryland b...

clinical trials forum university of maryland bio park techninical trials forum university of maryland bio park (Photo credit: MDGovpics)

 

Newspaper advertisements seeking patients and ...

Newspaper advertisements seeking patients and healthy volunteers to participate in clinical trials. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Mouse embryonic stem cells. More lab photos

Mouse embryonic stem cells. More lab photos (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

English: This table summarizes the key strateg...

English: This table summarizes the key strategies and techniques used to develop iPS cells over the past half-decade. Rows of similar colors represents studies that used similar strategies for reprogramming. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

organ regeneration example from induced plurip...

organ regeneration example from induced pluripotent stem cells(iPS cell) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

clinical trial capsules

clinical trial capsules (Photo credit: Esthr)

 

Clinical trials 05

Clinical trials 05 (Photo credit: Sanofi Pasteur)

 

A scheme of the generation of induced pluripot...

A scheme of the generation of induced pluripotent stern (iPS) cells. (1)Isolate and culture donor cells. (2)Transfect stern cell-associated genes into the cells by viral vectors. Red cells indicate the cells expressing the exogenous genes. (3)Harvest and culture the cells according to ES cell culture, using mitotically inactivated feeder cells (lightgray). (4)A small subset of the transfected cells become iPS cells and generate ES-like colonies. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

TOKYO: Japan has given the green light to the world’s first clinical trial using stem cells harvested from a patient’s own body, officials said Thursday, testing a treatment that may offer hope to millions of people robbed of their sight.

 

A government committee approved proposals for tests aimed at treating age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a common medical condition that causes blindness in older people, using “induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) cells”, a health ministry official said.

 

The trial treatment will try to create retinal cells that can be transplanted into the eyes of patients suffering from AMD, replacing the damaged part of the eye.

 

AMD, a condition that is incurable at present, affects mostly middle-aged and older people and can lead to blindness. It afflicts around 700,000 people in Japan alone.

 

Stem cell research is a pioneering field that has excited many in the scientific community with the potential they believe it offers.

 

A China-based research group on Wednesday said they were hoping for regulatory approval to test stemcell therapy on spinal cord injuries they believe can help immobile people walk again.

 

Stem cells are infant cells that can develop into any part of the body.

 

Until the discovery of iPS cells several years ago, the only way to obtain stem cells was to harvest them from human embryos.

 

This is controversial because it requires the destruction of the embryo, a process to which religious conservatives, among others, object.

 

Groundbreaking work done in 2006 by Shinya Yamanaka at Kyoto University, a Nobel Laureate in medicine last year, succeeded in generating stem cells from adult skin tissue.

 

Like embryonic stem cells, iPS cells are also capable of developing into any cell in the body, but crucially their source material is readily available.

 

Following the government approval, the Riken Center for Developmental Biology will start the world’s first clinical trial using iPS cells as soon as next summer, a Riken spokesman said.

 

Riken will recruit six patients suffering from AMD, all aged at least 50 years, and take cells from their skin.

 

These cells will be genetically reprogrammed to become iPS cells. The infant cells will then be nudged in the direction of developing into retina cells.

 

Once a network of retina cells has been developed — a process that could take around 10 months — this can be transplanted into the patient’s eye, the spokesman said.

 

Patients will be monitored over the next four years to determine how well the implants have performed, whether the body has accepted them and if they have become cancerous.

 

“Because no one in the world has used iPS cells in a clinical trial, what we are doing will set the standard,” research leader Masayo Takahashi told the Mainichi, a daily paper.

 

“It’s a daunting prospect, but one that brings joy.” She said she expects that patients in the initial trial will see only a very modest improvement in their sight.

 

“We don’t want people to have excessive expectations,” she said.

 

Kanji Takahashi, chief ophthalmologist at Kansai Medical University Hirokata hospital, told AFP the trial was a positive step, but not a done deal.

 

He said current treatment regimes include monthly drug injections directly into the eyes of AMD sufferers, at a cost of 150,000-170,000 yen ($1,500-$1,700) per injection.

 

“Improving the eyesight of AMD patients is a difficult task, and what’s important is whether transplanting cells improves vision,” he said.

 

“The trial is a hope for AMD patients, but it will probably take years before the new treatment will actually contribute to improving the vision of  many people.” — AFP

 

 

 

 
Read more: Japan OKs world’s first iPS stemcell clinical trial – Latest – New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/latest/japan-oks-world-s-first-ips-stemcell-clinical-trial-1.308714#ixzz2XQ5nNwuc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hawaiian Telescope Discovers Ten Thousandth Near-Earth Object

English: Asteroid Toutatis from Paranal

English: Asteroid Toutatis from Paranal (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Timelapse of Asteroid 2004 FH's flyby (NASA/JP...

Timelapse of Asteroid 2004 FH’s flyby (NASA/JPL Public Domain) 2004 FH is the centre dot being followed by the sequence; the object that flashes by near the end is an artificial satellite. Images obtained by Stefano Sposetti, Switzerland on March 18, 2004. Animation made Raoul Behrend, Geneva Observatory, Switzerland. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

NASA said the 10,000th near-Earth object (NEO) has been discovered using the Pan-STARRS-1 telescope in Hawaii.

 

Astronomers spotted asteroid 2013 MZ5 on the night of June 18, marking a significant milestone for the NEO search. The space agency said 90 percent of all NEOs discovered were first detected by NASA-supported surveys.

 

“But there are at least 10 times that many more to be found before we can be assured we will have found any and all that could impact and do significant harm to the citizens of Earth,” said Lindley Johnson, program executive for NASA’s Near-Earth Object Observations Program at NASA Headquarters, Washington.

 

In order to be classified as an NEO, a comet or asteroid must approach Earth at an orbital distance to within about 28 million miles. They range in size from as small as a few feet to as large as 25 miles for the largest NEO. Asteroid 2013 MZ5 is about 1,000 feet across and will never be close enough to Earth to be considered potentially hazardous.

 

“The first near-Earth object was discovered in 1898,” said Don Yeomans, long-time manager of NASA’s Near-Earth Object Program Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. “Over the next hundred years, only about 500 had been found. But then, with the advent of NASA’s NEO Observations program in 1998, we’ve been racking them up ever since. And with new, more capable systems coming on line, we are learning even more about where the NEOs are currently in our solar system, and where they will be in the future.”

 

About 10 percent of the 10,000 NEOs discovered are larger than six-tenths of a mile, which is roughly the size that could produce global consequences if one struck Earth. However, NASA says its program has found that none of these larger NEOs currently pose an impact threat.

 

NASA said scientists predict there to be about 15,000 NEOs that are one-and-a-half football fields in size, or 480 feet. There could be more than a million NEOs that are about one-third of a football field in size. An NEO hitting Earth would need to be about 100 feet or larger in order to cause significant damage in a populated area. The space agency said less than one percent of the 100-foot-sized NEOs have been detected.

 

“These days we average three NEO discoveries a day, and each month the Minor Planet Center receives hundreds of thousands of observations on asteroids, including those in the main-belt,” said Tim Spahr, director of the Minor Planet Center. “The work done by the NASA surveys, and the other international professional and amateur astronomers, to discover and track NEOs is really remarkable.”

 

Earlier this month, NASA announced a grand challenge focused on finding all asteroid threats to human populations. This “Great Challenge” asks citizen scientists, along with industry professionals, to focus on detecting and characterizing asteroids and learn how to deal with potential threats.

 

“We will also harness public engagement, open innovation and citizen science to help solve this global problem,” said NASA Deputy Administrator Lori Garver.

 

The space agency also invited industry and potential partners to offer up some ideas on accomplishing NASA’s goals to locate, redirect and explore an asteroid.

 

 

 

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Three Habitable Super-Earths Discovered In Multi-Planetary Star System

Astronomers have discovered a record-breaking planetary system with at least six planets orbiting its host star.

New observations of Gliese 667C show for the first time that three of these six new planet candidates are super-Earths. In order for a planet to qualify as a super-Earth, it must exist within the “habitable zone,” which is the zone around the star where liquid water could exist, making it a possible candidate to host life.

Gliese 667C is just one-third the mass of the Sun and is part of a star system known as Gliese 667. The star sits 22 light-years away from Earth in the constellation Scorpius. Astronomers have seen before that Gliese 667C hosted three planets, with one of them in the habitable zone, but the latest observation shows the count is much higher than that.

If you were to stand on the surface of one of these newly found planets, two other suns would look like a pair of very bright stars visible in the daytime. At night, the nearby stars are so close they would be providing as much illumination as the full moon.

This new discovery means the habitable zone around Gliese 667C is completely full, leaving no more room for another planet to exist.

“We knew that the star had three planets from previous studies, so we wanted to see whether there were any more,” says Mikko Tuomi of the University of Hertfordshire, UK. “By adding some new observations and revisiting existing data we were able to confirm these three and confidently reveal several more. Finding three low-mass planets in the star’s habitable zone is very exciting!”

Super-Earths, as opposed to Earth-like, are planets that are more massive than Earth but still in the habitable zone.

“The number of potentially habitable planets in our galaxy is much greater if we can expect to find several of them around each low-mass star — instead of looking at ten stars to look for a single potentially habitable planet, we now know we can look at just one star and find several of them,” said Rory Barnes from the University of Washington and co-author of the study published in Astronomy & Astrophysics.

The habitable zone around Gliese 667C sits entirely within an orbit the size of Mercury’s. In our system Mercury is incredibly hot, thus unable to host liquid water. However, Gliese 667C is smaller than our star, so the orbit for the habitable zone can sit closer in. Gliese 667C is the first example of a system where such a low-mass star can host several potentially rocky planets.

“This exciting result was largely made possible by the power of HARPS and its associated software and it also underlines the value of the ESO archive,” said the European Space Observatory (ESO) scientist responsible for HARPS, Gaspare Lo Curto. “It is very good to also see several independent research groups exploiting this unique instrument and achieving the ultimate precision.”

 

 

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Funny Quotes, Inspirational Quotes, Must Know, Proverbs and Quotes

Humour Quotes

“Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change a small portion of events, and in the total of all those acts will be written the history of this generation.” —John F. Kennedy

“The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” —Marcel Proust

“When freedom prevails, the ingenuity and inventiveness of people creates incredible wealth. This is the source of the natural improvement of the human condition.” —Brian S. Wesbury

“Let go of your attachment to being right, and suddenly your mind is more open. You’re able to benefit from the unique viewpoints of others, without being crippled by your own judgment.” —Ralph Marston

“To try is to risk failure. But risk must be taken because the greatest hazard of life is to risk nothing. The person who risks nothing does nothing, has nothing, is nothing. He may avoid suffering and sorrow, but he simply cannot learn, feel, change, grow, live, and love.” –Leo Buscaglia

“To live a creative life, we must lose our fear of being wrong.” —Joseph Chilton Pearce

“When I take on a new problem, I’m not interested in how it’s been done before. I only want to know, of all the constraints people tend to assume, which ones are actually fundamental and which ones are just habit?” –Jeff Bonwick, Sun Microsystems

“It takes a lot of courage to release the familiar and seemingly secure, to embrace the new. But there is no real security in what is no longer meaningful. There is more security in the adventurous and exciting, for in movement there is life, and in change there is power.” –Alan Cohen

“You can never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” –Buckminster Fuller

“If at first the idea is not absurd, then there is no hope for it.”Albert Einstein

“Talent hits a target no one else can hit; Genius hits a target no one else can see.”Arthur Schopenhauer

“Different is not necessarily better but better is always different.”
—Hugh Lendrum

 

creativity quote

“Imagination is everything; it is the preview of life’s forthcoming attractions.” —Albert Einstein

“Imagination is the beginning of creation. You imagine what you desire, you will what you imagine and at last you create what you will.”George Bernard Shaw

“Your vision will become clear only when you can look into your own heart. Who looks outside, dreams, who looks inside awakes.” —Carl Gustav Jung

“No great artists ever sees things as they really are. If he did then he would cease to be an artist.” —Oscar Wilde

“Perhaps the only limits to the human mind are those we believe in.” —Willis Harman

“The best way to predict the future is to invent it… “ —Alan Kay

“Creativity is inventing, experimenting, growing, taking risks, breaking rules, making mistakes, and having fun.” —Mary Lou Cook

“I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.” —Wayne Gretzky

“You can’t depend on your judgement when your imagination is out of focus.” —Mark Twain

“The aspects of a thing that are most important to us are hidden to us because of their simplicity and familiarity.” —Ludwig Wittgenstein

“The man who strikes first admits that his ideas have run out.” —Chinese proverb

“Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age eighteen.” —Albert Einsten

“You are the masterpiece of your own life; you are the Michelangelo of your own life. The David that you are sculpting is you.” —Joe Vitale

“Don’t be afraid of the space between your dreams and reality. If you can dream it, you can make it so.”Belva Davis

“Life is creation — self and circumstances, the raw material.”Dorothy M. Richardson

“Life in itself is an empty canvas; it becomes whatsoever you paint on it. You can paint misery, you can paint bliss. This freedom is your glory.” —Osho

“”When something exceeds your ability to understand how it works, it sort of becomes magical.” —Jonathan Ive

“God gives talent, work transforms talent into genius.” —Anna Pavlova

“Change cannot be avoided… change provides the opportunity for innovation. It gives you the chance to demonstrate your creativity.” —Felice Jones

“Going against the grain may result in a few splinters, and it may rub a few people the wrong way, but going with it is like forcing your TRUE self to walk the plank!” —David Roppo

“When solving problems, dig at the roots instead of just hacking at the leaves.” —Anthony J. D’Angelo

“A dream is a wish your heart makes.” —Annette Funicello

 

creativity quote

“We make our world significant by the courage of our questions and by the depth of our answers. Intellectual brilliance is no guarantee against being dead wrong.” —Carl Sagan

“If I have ever made any valuable discoveries, it has been owing more to patient attention than to any other talent.” —Isaac Newton

“Do not follow where the path may lead. Go instead where there is no path and leave a trail.” —Ralph Waldo Emerson

“It often takes more courage to change one’s opinion than to keep it.” —Willy Brandt

“Sometimes your only available transportation is a leap of faith.” —Margaret Shepherd

“The problem is not that there are problems. The problem is expecting otherwise and thinking that having problems is a problem.” —Theodore Rubin

“Imagination grows by exercise, and contrary to common belief, is more powerful in the mature than in the young.” –Paul McCartney

“The intuitive mind is a sacred gift and the rational mind is a faithful servant.” –Albert Einstein

“In each of us are places where we have never gone. Only by pressing the limits do we ever find them.” –Dr. Joyce Brothers

“Life’s gift to you is your unique vantage point. Your gift to life is expressing from it.” —Alan Cohen

“A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be.” —Abraham Maslow

“The deepest longing in the human breast is the desire for appreciation.” —William James

“Intuition is not contrary to reason, but outside the province of reason.” —Carl Jung

“The road to enlightenment is paved with authenticity, not imitation.” —Alan Cohen

“Optimism is a strategy for making a better future. Because unless you believe that the future can be better, it’s unlikely you will step up and take responsibility for making it so. If you assume that there’s no hope, you guarantee that there will be no hope. If you assume that there is an instinct for freedom, that there are opportunities to change things, there is a chance you may contribute to making a better world. The choice is yours.” —Noam Chomsky

“It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.” —Charles Darwin

“When you are inspired by some great purpose, some extraordinary project, all your thoughts break their bounds. Dormant forces, faculties and talents become alive, and you discover yourself to be a greater person by far than you ever dreamed yourself to be.” —Pantanjali

“If you limit your choices only to what seems possible or reasonable, you disconnect yourself from what you truly want, and all that remains is a compromise.” —Robert Fritz

“Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go.” —T. S. Eliot

“I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.” —Albert Einstein

“If you’re not living on the edge… you’re taking up too much room.” —African Proverb

“Whatever you can do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power and magic in it.”
—Goethe

“If life doesn’t offer a game worth playing, then invent a new one.” —Anthony J. D’Angelo

“It is through science that we prove, but through intuition that we discover.” —Henri Poincare

“Neither a lofty degree of intelligence nor imagination nor both together go to the making of genius. Love, love, love, that is the soul of genius.” —WolfgangMozart

“The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man.” —George Bernard Shaw

“Vision without action is a daydream; action without vision is a nightmare.” —Japanese proverb

“The impossible is often the untried.” —Jim Goodwin

“When one door closes another door opens; but we so often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door, that we do not see the ones which open for us.” —Alexander Graham Bell

“Problems cannot be solved at the same level of awareness that created them.” —Albert Einstein

“When everything’s coming your way, you’re in the wrong lane.”

“If it’s stupid but it works, it isn’t stupid.”

“It takes more courage to alter an opinion than to stick with it.”

“Comfort is found among those who agree with you; growth among those who don’t.”

“Pay no attention to critics. No one ever erected a statue to a critic” —Werner Ehrhart

“Everything looks impossible for the people who never try anything.” —Jean-Louis Etienne

 


“Here’s to the crazy ones.
The misfits.
The rebels.
The troublemakers.
The round pegs in the square holes.
The ones who see things differently.

They’re not fond of rules.
And they have no respect for the status quo.
You can praise them, disagree with them, quote them,
disbelieve them, glorify or vilify them.

About the only thing you can’t do is ignore them.
Because they change things.
They invent. They imagine. They heal.
They explore. They create. They inspire.
They push the human race forward.

Maybe they have to be crazy.
How else can you stare at an empty canvas and see a work of art?
Or sit in silence and hear a song that’s never been written?
Or gaze at a red planet and see a laboratory on wheels?

We make tools for these kinds of people.
While some see them as the crazy ones, we see genius.
Because the people who are crazy enough to think
they can change the world, are the ones who do.”

—Steve Jobs, Apple C.E.O.

“When you’re young, you look at most of the programs on television and think, ‘There’s a conspiracy! The networks have conspired to dumb us down!’ But when you get a little older, you realize that’s not true. The networks are in the business to make money by giving people exactly what they want. That’s a far more depressing thought. Conspiracy is optimistic. You can shoot the bastards! We can have a revolution!” —Steve Jobs

“Without death there would be very little progress.” —Steve Jobs
To see what he means by this, read Steve Jobs’ Commencement Speech at Stanford (June 2005) – a moving and inspirational message from one of my heroes. Also you can watch the video of Steve giving his speech at Stanford.

“You know, we don’t grow most of the food we eat. We wear clothes other people make. We speak a language that other people developed. We use a mathematics that other people evolved… I mean, we’re constantly taking things. It’s a wonderful, ecstatic feeling to create something that puts it back in the pool of human experience and knowledge.” —Steve Jobs

“We don’t get a chance to do that many things, and every one should be really excellent. Because this is our life. Life is brief, and then you die, you know? So this is what we’ve chosen to do with our life. We could be sitting in a monastery somewhere in Japan. We could be out sailing. Some of the team could be playing golf. They could be running other companies. And we’ve all chosen to do this with our lives. So it better be damn good. It better be worth it. And we think it is.” —Steve Jobs

“Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma – which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition.” —Steve Jobs

 

Think different

 

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biographies, Must Know, Science Gist, Science thrills

Leonardo da Vinci Biography

Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) is one the world’s greatest thinkers, artists and philosophers. In several different fields, from science to astronomy, he proved to be both innovative and several centuries ahead of his contemporaries. He is considered to be a key person in the birth of the European renaissance period, which saw a flowering of new ideas, scientific discoveries and creation of beautiful art.

Short Biography of Leonardo da Vinci

davinci

Leonardo was born as illegitimate son of a Florentine noble and peasant woman Leonardo grew up in Vinci, Italy. In his formative years he developed a love of nature and from an early age displayed his remarkable talents and capacities.

In 1466 he moved to Florence where he entered the workshop of Verrocchio. His early style reflected his teacher, but he soon developed an artistic sense which went far beyond his teachers rigid style. His first work of great significance was the “Adoration of the Magi” commissioned by monks of San Donato a Scopeto. Although unfinished, the work was a masterpiece and introduced several new ideas. In particular he introduced the themes of movement and drama. He also pioneered the use of Chiaroscuro. This is the technique of defining forms through the contrast of light and shadow. This would be later used to great effect in the Mona Lisa.

In 1482 Leonardo went to the court of Ludovico Sforza for 16 years in Milan. Here he continued painting and also branched out into other interest such as engineering and anatomy.  During this period he painted the famous “Madonna on the Rocks” and also “the Last Supper” This has been described as one of the greatest spiritual paintings. With Christ at the centre of the picture it embodies great feeling and action as Christ is about to announce his imminent betrayal. Unfortunately over the time the quality of the original painting has deteriorated despite frequent restoration attempts.

Leonardo Da Vinci and Mona Lisa

monalisa

In 1499 his patron L. Sfoza was defeated by the French invasion, thus Leonardo, after a time, returned to Florence. During this period he painted the fresco of the battle of Anghiari. This artwork was to exert tremendous influence over future artists. However it was unfortunately never completed and was later destroyed. It was also in this period that Leonardo completed The Mona Lisa. The Mona Lisa is one of the worlds most famous and intriguing pictures. The Mona Lisa is a portrait of a wife of a Florentine noble. For several days she came to Leonardo and sat for her portrait to be painted. However she refused to smile, Leonardo even tried hiring musicians but to no avail. One day just for a fleeting second she gave a faint smile and Leonardo was able to capture it. Her smile encapsulates a tremendous mysteriousness which is both fascinating and intriguing. Sri Chinmoy said of the Mona Lisa.

That smile has immortalized her, immortalized the artist and immortalized the art. Artist and art have been immortalized by just a faint smile, a smile that has an enigmatic touch. Even now a soul-touch is there, and that soul-touch has conquered the heart of the world.” (1)

 

In this picture Leonardo masters the techniques of sfumato and chiaroscuro. Sfumato involves the most gradual switch from colour to the other giving a very delicate and expressive images. Chiaroscuro as mentioned before highlights the contrasts light and shadow. In the Mona Lisa this is most evident in the contrast between face and dark background.

In this period Leonardo extended his studies into engineering, science and other subjects. There seemed to be no end to his interest. He made copious notes in his complex mirror handwriting. A lot of which wasn’t deciphered in his lifetime. He also drew complex models of machines, in particular he was fascinated by flight. He used to buy birds just so that he could release them so he could enjoy watching them fly away. He also attempted to build a flying object himself. Machines that he drew on paper, such as helicopters, would become a reality many centuries later. If his medicinal studies had been published, it would have revolutionised the science, as he was one of the first to understand the circulation of blood within the body. There seemed to be no limit in the scope of his interest and work.

Between 1506-1510 Leonardo spent time in Milan working on behalf of the very generous French King Lois XII. In 1513 he travelled to Rome where he enjoyed the patronage of the new Medici pope, Leo X. Here he worked with contemporaries such as the great Masters Michelangelo and Raphael. In 1515 he left to settle at the castle of Cloux, near Amboise by the kind invitation of Francis I of France. Here he spent his last years free to pursue his own studies. He died in 1519 leaving behind one of the greatest body of artistic and scientific works.

 

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